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of Odd Fellows, Knights of Pythias, Past Exalted Ruler of   years as a member of the Helena Chamber of Commerce.
     Elks, and the Woodmen of the World.                       He was treasurer of the Central Committee of the
                                                               Republican State Party and corresponding treasurer of
     The Jews of Helena organized their own philanthropic      –Š‡  ‹‘  ‡ƒ‰—‡Ǥ  ”‘  ’”‹Ž ͙͚ǡ ͙͟͠͞ǡ –‘  ‡’–‡„‡”
     society, the Hebrew Benevolent Society. Sol Star          19, 1867, Moses Morris and his brother registered ten
     ™ƒ•  ƒŽ•‘  ‘‡  ‘ˆ  –Š‡  Ƥ”•–  ’”‡•‹†‡–•  ‘ˆ  –Š‡   ‡„”‡™   ‹‹‰ …Žƒ‹• ‹  ‡™‹• ƒ†  Žƒ”  ‘—–›Ǥ  ‡”…Šƒ–• Ž‹‡
     Benevolent Association at Helena. The association         the Morris brothers preferred commerce over mining but
     provided opportunities for socializing with their Jewish   continued investing their capital in the mining industry.
     neighbors and expanding their charitable activities       By the late 1860s, Jews were participating in organizing
     „‡›‘† –Š‡‹” ‘™Ǥ    ‡…‡„‡” ͛͘ǡ ͙͚͟͠ǡ –Š‡  ‡Ž‡ƒ        companies and corporations to extract gold on a larger
     Fire Department was established, and several Jewish       scale.
     men, including Sam Schwab and Sol Star, volunteered
     their services. Star also served as a member of the Board   He was a distinguished part of Helena, serving several
     ‘ˆ  ”ƒ†‡Ǥ  ”‡•‹†‡–  ”ƒ– ƒ’’‘‹–‡† Š‹ –Š‡  ‡‰‹•–”ƒ”     ›‡ƒ”• ƒ•  ‹–›  Ž†‡”ƒ ƒ† –™‡–›ǦƤ˜‡ ›‡ƒ”• ƒ• ƒ
     ‘ˆ –Š‡  Ǥ Ǥ  ƒ†  ƥ…‡ ƒ–  ‡Ž‡ƒ ˆ”‘ ͙͚͟͠Ǧ͙͟͜͠Ǥ           member of the Board of Trustees of the Montana Masonic
     Star received another political appointment in 1874 as    Home. After his retirement, he continued to be active in
     Territorial Auditor for the Commonwealth of Montana       the community by visiting the sick and people in distress,
     and served two years. He also served as the personal      visiting hospitals daily, comforting the bereaved, and
      ‡…”‡–ƒ”› –‘ –Š‡  ‘˜‡”‘”Ǥ  –ƒ” ƒ† „—•‹‡•• ƒ••‘…‹ƒ–‡    ƒ––‡†‹‰ ˆ—‡”ƒŽ •‡”˜‹…‡•Ǥ  ‘””‹• •‡”˜‡† ƒ• –Š‡ Ƥ”•–
     Seth Bullock. Bullock was also a Mason and member of      president of the United Hebrew Benevolent Association
      ‹‰  ‘Ž‘‘•  ‘†‰‡  ‘Ǥ ͡ ƒ† –Š‡ Ƥ”•–  Š‡”‹ơ ‘ˆ  ‡™‹•    and an active member of the Emanu-El Congregation.
     and Clark County, Montana. They owned a Mercantile
     business in Helena. Star was also active in the banking    His Masonic journey began when he was raised by
     sector in Helena. While in Helena, he was known as one    Cornelius Hedges to the sublime degree of a Master
     of its most respected and dependable citizens.             ƒ•‘ ‘  —‰—•– ͚͙ǡ ͙͠͞͞ǡ ‹  ‡Ž‡ƒ  ‘†‰‡  ‘Ǥ ͛Ǥ  
                                                               December 1866, he was appointed as Senior Deacon.
      Sol Star moved to Deadwood, South Dakota, with his        ‡ †‹‹––‡† ˆ”‘  ‘Ǥ ͛ ‹ ͙͟͠͞ ƒ† „‡…ƒ‡ ƒ …Šƒ”–‡”
     business associate Seth Bullock, they operated several    ‡„‡” ‘ˆ  ‹‰  ‘Ž‘‘ǯ•  ‘†‰‡  ‘Ǥ ͡Ǥ  ‡ •‡”˜‡† ƒ•
     businesses. Star continued his public service serving as   Worshipful Master for fourteen years. He was able to give
     Mayor of Deadwood for fourteen years and was one of       any degree or lecture at a moment’s notice. He entered
     –Š‡ Ƥ”•– …‘—…‹Ž‡ ‡Ž‡…–‡† ‹ ͙͟͠͞  ™Š‡ –Š‡ –‘™ ™ƒ•    –Š‡   ”ƒ†   ‘†‰‡   ƥ…‡”  Ž‹‡  ƒ•   —‹‘”   ”ƒ†   ‡ƒ…‘
     organized. He later served as a legislator after statehood.   ‹ ͙͘͟͠Ǥ  ”ƒ†  ™‘”†  ‡ƒ”‡” ‹ ͙͙͟͠Ǣ  ”ƒ†  ‹•–‘”‹ƒ
      ‹–Š –Š‡ ‡•–ƒ„Ž‹•Š‡– ‘ˆ  ƒ™”‡…‡  ‘—–› ‹ ͙͟͟͠ǡ Š‡     ‹ ͙͠͠͝ǡ ƒ’’‘‹–‡†  —‹‘”  ”ƒ†  ƒ”†‡ ˆ‘” –Š‡  ”ƒ†
     was elected Clerk of Court for sixteen years. In 1879 he    ‘†‰‡ ‘ˆ  ‘–ƒƒ ‹ ͙͠͠͡Ǣ ƒ† ‹ ͙͙͠͡ ‡Ž‡…–‡† ƒ•  ‡’—–›
     served as Postmaster. Sol Star and Seth Bullock opened     ”ƒ†  ƒ•–‡”Ǣ ‹ ͙͚͠͡ǡ Š‡ ™ƒ• ‡Ž‡…–‡† ƒ•  ”ƒ†  ƒ•–‡”
     a hardware store (Star & Bullock Hardware). They dealt    ‘ˆ  ƒ•‘• ‹  ‘–ƒƒǤ  ‘•‡•  ‘””‹• ƒ––‡†‡† Ƥˆ–›Ǧ‹‡
     ‹ ”‡ƒŽ ‡•–ƒ–‡ ƒ† Ž‹˜‡•–‘… ƒ† ‡•–ƒ„Ž‹•Š‡† ƒ ƪ‘—” ‹ŽŽ   ƒ—ƒŽ …‘—‹…ƒ–‹‘• ‘ˆ –Š‡  ”ƒ†  ‘†‰‡Ǥ   ƒ††‹–‹‘ǡ
     ƒ†  ‡ƒ†™‘‘†ǯ• Ƥ”•– Š‘–‡Žǡ –Š‡  —ŽŽ‘…  ‘–‡ŽǤ             he was a member of the Scottish Rite.

      In 1896 the Hebrew Cemetery Association purchased         In an act representative of his concern for his fellow
     property on Deadwood’s Mt. Moriah. The section came       man. In the early days, he responded to a call to visit a
     to be known as “Hebrew Hill.” Star died in Deadwood on    •‹… ‡„‡” ‘ˆ Š‹•  ‘†‰‡ ™Š‘ ™ƒ• ‹  ‡‡”  ‘†‰‡Ǥ  ‡
     10 October 1917, and his funeral took place in Deadwood.   traveled three days by horse and sleigh in four feet of
      –ƒ”ǯ• ˆƒ‹Ž› ‹  ‹••‘—”‹ …Š‘•‡ –‘ „—”› Š‹ ‹  –  ‘—‹•ǡ   snow, thirty below zero, making the return trip over
      ‹••‘—”‹ǡ ƒ–  ‡™  ‘—–  ‹ƒ‹  ‡‡–‡”›ǤΔǤ                  Mullen Pass with his deceased brother’s remains at the
                                                               risk of his own life. This kind of service and kindness
      Moses Morris was born in 1844 in Seiny, duchy of         bound him to hundreds of Montana masons. Moses
     Posen, a Polish Provence under Prussian control. Morris    ‘””‹•  ’ƒ••‡†  ƒ™ƒ›  ‘   ‘˜‡„‡”  ͠ǡ  ͙͛͟͡ǡ  †—”‹‰  –Š‡
     ‹‹‰”ƒ–‡† –‘ –Š‡  ‹–‡†  –ƒ–‡• ‹ ͙͛͠͠Ǥ  ‡ ”‡Ž‘…ƒ–‡† –‘   ninety-third year of his life. He was laid to rest at the
     Saint Paul, Minnesota, for two years. In 1860, he followed    ‘‡ ‘ˆ  ‡ƒ…‡  ‡‡–‡”›ǡ  ‡Ž‡ƒǡ  ‘–ƒƒǤΕǤ
     ƒ  ™ƒ‰‘  –”ƒ‹ǡ  ™ƒŽ‹‰  „‡Š‹†  ‹–ǡ  ˆ”‘   ‡ƒ˜‡™‘”–Šǡ
     Kansas, to Denver, Colorado. In Denver, he opened a dry-   Herman Solomon Hepner. “H. Sol” Hepner was born
     goods store, and two years later, he followed a group     ‘  ‡„”—ƒ”› ͚͝ǡ ͙͠͞͡ǡ ‹  œƒ”‹–œ‹ ȋ–‘†ƒ›ǡ  ‘Ž‰‘‰”ƒ†Ȍǡ
     ‘ ‹–• ™ƒ› ™‡•–Ǥ   ͙͜͠͞ Š‡ ƒ””‹˜‡† ‹  ‹”‰‹‹ƒ  ‹–› ƒ†   Russia. He attended government school and had the
     ‘’‡‡† –Š‡  ‘””‹• „”‘–Š‡”•ǯ •–‘”‡Š‘—•‡ ‹  ‹”‰‹‹ƒ  ‹–›Ǥ   equivalent of a High School education at age thirteen. In
     In 1865 he and his brother opened a mercantile business   1882 Sol Hepner’s father brought the family to Helena,
     in Helena, Montana. Morris invested in real estate,       Montana, where he operated a drygoods store. Sol did
     Ž‹˜‡•–‘…ǡ ƒ† „ƒ•Ǥ   ͙͟͠͞ǡ Š‡ „—‹Ž– –Š‡ Ƥ”•– ’Žƒ•–‡”   not speak English at the time of his departure from
     home in Helena. He also founded the electric light and     —••‹ƒǤ   ͙͠͠͝ǡ  ‘Ž „‡…ƒ‡ –Š‡ Ƥ”•– ƒŽ‡ ‰”ƒ†—ƒ–‡ ‘ˆ
     street railway companies in Helena. Morris spent nine     Helena High School. Hepner was employed by Colonel

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